Author Topic: Cleaning Ion Pump Ceramic Insulators  (Read 2830 times)

JohnF

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    • UW Madison EPMA Lab
Cleaning Ion Pump Ceramic Insulators
« on: July 22, 2015, 12:41:06 pm »
There is an acid bath (not aqua regis), nitric + ?, for cleaning the Ti+Ta metal off of ion pump ceramic insulators. We had the formula and used it once, but it was lost. Yes, I know bead blasting can be used (done it) but the result of the acid bath seemed to leave it cleaner.

neko

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Re: Cleaning Ion Pump Ceramic Insulators
« Reply #1 on: February 11, 2016, 04:55:33 pm »
We used, as per Edgar, I think 10% HF and 30% nitric (please double check before mixing things that dangerous).

It worked... very, very well. As in, you never really want to see something containing HF start boiling and vaporizing that vigorously (with a scary orange-yellow mustard colored vapor/smoke). HOORAY FOR FUME HOODS/PPE! - there was a definite few minutes of "Do we need 911?" glancing back and forth until it calmed down, but that was dumping a really dirty set of metal plates into a brand new bath.

We cleaned both the ceramic and metal elements with this. They were cleaner when the bath was fresher, but no one wanted to have to handle more solution and the later plates were clean enough.

My PI recommended trying separate baths for the nitric / HF portions the next time, to keep things a little less exothermic. If you're brave enough to do the combination, it probably wouldn't hurt to have someone with a slow-mo camera around to film the reaction, it was pretty mad-science looking.

Doug_Meier

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Re: Cleaning Ion Pump Ceramic Insulators
« Reply #2 on: June 10, 2016, 07:37:02 am »
Unfortunately, I don't think your PI's recommendation to use the acids sequentially will work very well. The two acids in aqua regia, or the peroxide and sulfuric acids in piranha, etc. either form a complex or perform separate roles in the reaction simultaneously that require them to be mixed.

There are other engineering controls that should be implemented for exothermic etching reactions beyond fume hoods and PPE. One is to perform the acid mixing and etching reactions from start to finish in an ice bath. Doing so will result in slower cleaning, but it will also result in slower undesirable side reactions -- like poisonous fume evolution and explosive boiling. Perform the reactions with freshly mixed solutions, and use only enough necessary to do the job. The heat generated during these etching reactions increases the rate, which further increases the heat, etc. Thus, catastrophic runaway reaction probabilities increase logarithmically with reactant mass under these circumstances, and small accidents are easier to deal with than big ones.

Finally, a specific note on HF. Treat it with the utmost respect. It can be deadly in small doses, will dissolve and deactivate your nerve endings before they've had a chance to register a pain signal with your brain, and will turn your bones to jelly. Debilitating health effects can set in for exposures as low as 12 ppm (4-hour exposure).  http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ershdb/emergencyresponsecard_29750030.html If you must use it, I recommend taking a course on its safe use, and keep the calcium gluconate gel immediately available.